What is difference between MEAN stack developer and FULL stack developer?

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The first thing you should know here is— web development. The complete web development is divided into two—

  1. Front-end development: Front-end developers work on the appearance of a website and make it interactive. For instance, a coloured button on a website and optimize the website for various web browsers and devices. Front-end developers need to know HTML5, CSS3, JavaScript, and frameworks like Jquery, Foundation, Angular, Bootstrap etc.
  2. Back-end development: Back-end developers work on making websites more functional. Adding new features, making the website faster etc are the major responsibilities of a back-end developer. A back-end developer needs to know a server-side programming language like PHP, JavaScript, Python, Ruby on Rails etc. In addition to the languages, back-end developers are also required to frameworks corresponding to the language they know. For instance, if you know PHP you should know Laravel, CodeIgniter and other related PHP-based frameworks. Similarly, if you know JavaScript, you should know frameworks like Node.js Express.js etc.


To become a Full-Stack Web Developer you need to start learning following things,

  2. JavaScript
  3. Databases & Web Storage
  4. Back-End Language likes PHP, Python, Java, ASP.
  5. Web Application Architecture
  6. Basic Algorithms & Data Structures
  7. Git
  8. HTTP & REST

Generally, developers like to work one of the above domains. However, there are some developers who work on both front-end as well as back-end. These are full-stack developers.

Now, do you see that there are multiple server-side programming languages that one can learn— PHP, JavaScript, Python etc. While the technologies for front-end remain the same, technology used for back-end development varies.

Full stack is the development of a web application from front to back, including front-end, backend and Database. A Full stack developer is far more efficient than MEAN stack developers. A Full stack developer has complete knowledge in a server, web application, APIs, User interface etc. They have a complete idea about the idea about the whole web development process.

“Full stack development is where all the stacks are together and the developer is who can make all these stacks.”

There are total three type of stacks or level in full stack development,

  1. Presentation Layer
  2. Logic Layer
  3. Data Layer

What is MEAN stack Developer?

The term “stack” is basically a reference to the set of languages or technologies which the developer uses to build sites and/or applications. A MEAN stack developer uses the MEAN stack (duh) which is:

M- MongoDB, a popular database manager which implements a NoSQL structure.

E- Express.js, a framework which supports and is used to host Node.js projects.

A- AngularJS, yet another framework for building apps. It builds upon the classic html framework style and extends it to web apps.

N- Node.js, the crowning glory. This is a runtime environment, which runs server-side web applications, i.e. it works on the back-end, away from the user’s eyes to fetch relevant data or perform operations on the same. Again, bad, bad explanation, but it is the essence.

 JavaScript is a language that’s required to be learnt irrespective of the back-end technology one works on. Until a few years ago, it was restricted to just front-end development. However, now JavaScript is now used for both front-end and back-end development. To work on front-end and back-end development (to be a full-stack developer ) you don’t need to learn a new server-side programming language.

The reason for the popularity of MEAN stack is the scalability it offers to a product. Products built with MEAN stack are capable of handling large traffic easily without hampering the performance of the product. All JavaScript-based frameworks offer scalability better than others.

In fact, companies that were earlier using PHP and other older technologies are now moving to MEAN stack.


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